"Do not be proud on account of your knowledge, but discuss with the ignorant as with the wise.
Fine words are more sought after than Emeralds, but can be found with the maidens at the grindstone."
-Ptahhotep, 110 years old, in the 3rd Millennium BC
It should be pointed out that Ancient Egypt was around for 3000 Years. The US is less than 300 years old.
Your brain is not bigger than an Ancient Egyptians, you simply have all the discoveries they made, and that others added on to, as well as more books, and now phones, cars, trains, planes, internet, etc. They had horses and vehicles, just not automobiles. They understood electricity, via static electrical shocks, electric eels (which they called the "Thunderer of the Nile") and lightning. They also invented Paper.
To start this off I am going to point out something that happens when you start thinking like an Ancient Egyptian, when you think like an Ancient Egyptian it is like buying a new car, you start seeing your car everywhere in different colors and years. When you think like an Egyptian, the world becomes more clear in a strange way. You realize that we are on a trail that was blazed for us over 5,000 years ago. Many people think of Jesus times, and think Jesus times were near the "Beginning" but this could not be further from the truth. By the time Jesus was born the Roman Empire already existed, and Alexander the Great had been dead for 500+ years, Hellenization had already created an International-Multicultural world, with knowledge being spread from East to West and West to East, Africa to Europe, Eurasia and Asia; and Europe to Africa, Eurasia and Asia; and Eurasia to Europe, Africa and Asia; and Asia to Eurasia, Europe and Africa. Jesus was not anywhere near the beginning, he was in an advanced civilization, that believed no differently than we do that they as a society were the peak of human achievement (see, Polybius). So, in order to be able to gain perspective, everyone should understand that Egypt comes from the Greek word Aegyptos, similarly to how the word Obelisk is a Greek word that basically means "Sheshkabab stick". Ancient Egyptians called themselves Kemet, which means "The Black Land" and they were Kemetic. They were Culturally Kemetic and Religiously Kemetic. Some people believe that the Black Land is a reference to the skin color of the people there (as they would have gathered around the Nile after being various African Desert tribes, realizing that the Nile would provide for them and they would not have to hunt and gather). But most Historians believe that Kemet ("The Black Land") is a reference to the fertile ground around the Nile.
I would like to explain a thesis of mine that gives an example of how viewing the world Kemetically can shift your thinking. To start it off, I will lay out the known facts and then explain my conclusion. To an Ancient Egyptian, a Scarab Beetle was no different than a Butterfly to Western Society. It was a symbol of Change and Metamorphosis, as well as a symbol of reincarnation and generation coming after generation, as well as day coming after day, and eternity. The Scarab God, Khepri (The Keeper in English), was considered to be the force that pushed the Sun across the sky, no differently than the Scarab Beetle pushed the dung ball. Khepri was also known as the Morning Sun, while Ra was the Mid-Day sun and Atum was the setting Sun. It is also possible that the entire idea of an Afterlife in Kemet, comes from the idea the that we are simply in a shell and when you leave this shell, you are moving on to your next stage. And Pyramid tombs may be something like a Metamorphosis chamber, modeled after the dung ball, as well as a national symbol for generation after generation to identify with. In 2014 it was discovered that Scarab Beetles (Dung Beetles) use the stars and sun to Navigate. Khepri was important to the Kemetic people not only because it was a symbol, but because Scarabs were the ones who physically mapped the stars for them, by following them around rolling a ball in the sand, drawing lines.
And while most people (most historians would actually try to argue this until they heard what I am about to point out) believe that Ancient Mesopotamia was first to begin mapping the sky, this is actually false. The first map of the sky, known to modern man, was in Nabta Playa, Nubia, just south of Egypt. Nabta Playa is the first man-made map of the stars, and was likely made based on a map drawn by a Scarab first.
Symbolism is similar to the word Symmetry. Symmetry means that something is the same on both sides. For example, traditional shapes are symmetric, such as Triangles, Squares, Circles. If you cut these shapes in half, they are the same on both sides. This is similar to the meaning of Symbol. Symbols show something that they aren't actually showing, but when the two things are put side by side, it should be the same on both sides. For example, America uses the Eagle to Symbolize itself (Benjamin Franklin said that with all their powdered wigs and frilly clothing, Americans were more like Turkeys than they were like Eagles), and Christians use the Cross, while Hindus use the Lotus or the Wheel of Dharma. A common Symbol used in many Religions (almost all Widespread Religions) is the Lion. These Symbols are meant to represent certain groups in a way that is Symmetrical. Another example of a Symbol or Symmetry is the name of American Cities, like Memphis. Memphis is a city in Egypt, and now it is a US City (in Tennessee). The reason it was called Memphis by Andrew Jackson is because of where he chose to place it on the Mississippi river being similar to the place of Memphis on the Nile. An idea similar to Symmetry is Chirality, Chirality is like your hands or feet. They are both the same in a way, but at the same time they are opposite. This is Chirality, which is also powerful in Symbolism.
Understanding that will help you understand Kemet as a whole, and to expand your ability to think Kemetically, I am going to point out 2 real Ancient Egyptians who you already know of, 2 that you probably do not, and 1 that is from the Bible and has given people a drastic misrepresentation of Kemetic culture (for example it makes people think that Pharaoh was a person, or that there were slaves in Kemet, which there were not). King Tut and King Scorpion II (The Scorpion King), as well as Imhotep and Ptahhotep, and then Moses. It should also be pointed out that the Egyptians were similar to Christians in the sense that they believed that we are slowly getting worse as a society (called Original Sin in Christianity), and that the Old Kingdom of Kemet (3,000 BC and earlier) was the Golden Age of Humanity. The Kemetic Religion is interesting in that, for example, it is an unforgivable sin to stop the flow of Water, your heart will weigh more than Ma'at's feather, and Anubis will eat your soul.
1. King Scorpion II (3000 BC or earlier)
King Scorpion II was from the Naqqa III culture, before Kemet existed, and he was the King who united Kemet. It is probably that he is also Narmer or Menes, because names were fluid at this time. Before this time, Kemet was 2 separate Kingdoms, but King Scorpion (Narmer/Menes) brought them together. This can be seen in the Goddess Bat. Bat is an Ancient Goddess, who represents the 2 banks of the Nile, the 2 Kingdoms of Kemet, the Future and the Past, and Male and Female. She represents the duality of Nature, and what King Scorpion II achieved. The history we have of King Scorpion II comes from a Hieroglyphic story that is carved into the stone head of a Mace. This was during the Protodynastic and Early Dynastic periods, which is when the Naqqa III culture transitioned into the Kemetic culture, by uniting various groups and creating the Hieroglyphic language. At this time there is evidence of Kemetic settlements or colonies (entrepôt) in Canaan, that would have been used for trade and diplomacy. Example of trading in Kemet can be seen in funerary masks or statuettes which contain a Blue stone (Lapis Lazuli) that can be found primarily in Afghanistan.
2. King Tut (Began ruling 1333 BC)
King Tut's father was Akhenaten, who was born Amenhotep IV but changed his name, and was the most hated King in the History of Kemet. Akhenaten attempted to change Kemet by getting rid of all the Gods, putting them into 1 God, and began erasing the names of other Gods and replacing them, and centering the Kemetic Religion around Aten, an aspect of the Sun (Ra, pronounced Ray), the Sun Disk, with him being the representative of Aten. He also moved the Capital city of Kemet to Amarna. The Amun priesthood (the primary Royal Priest class) set his ghost to wander the Desert, and people still claim to meet him out there. After Akhenaten died his son, King Tut, took over as King when he was only 8, 9 or 10 years old. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while Tutankhamun means "Living Image of Amun". He is credited with bringing back the Ancient Kemetic Religion after his father attempted to deface it. During this time there was instability in the country, and a new form of art called Amarna Art. One of his advisors, said to be the "Power behind the throne" and who also later became King for a short period, was Ay. Ay's prenomen or royal name—Kheperkheperure—means "Everlasting are the Manifestations of Ra" while his birth name Ay it-netjer reads as 'Ay, Father of the God.'. Another one of his advisors was Horemheb, which means "Horus is in Jubilation", who was a military commander and later became King, destroying many Akhenaten's statues and structures, and using the materials in his own projects, as well as banning the worship of Aten and re-stabilizing the country after the Amarna period, marked by political confusion. Upon his accession, Horemheb initiated a comprehensive series of internal transformations to the power structures of Akhenaten's reign, due to the preceding transfer of state power from Amun's priests to Akhenaten's government officials. Horemheb "appointed judges and regional tribunes ... reintroduced local religious authorities" and divided legal power "between Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt" between "the Viziers of Thebes and Memphis respectively.". Horemheb was followed Ramesses I, who had been an advisor to Horemheb.
3. Imhotep (around 2600 BC)
You may have heard of Imhotep because of the Mummy movies, as it was the name of the Mummy that came back to life. But Imhotep was actually a Vizier/Chancellor to King Djoser, which means he was something like the King's Sorcerer and Adviser. Many Viziers would use animal entrails, ashes, tea leaves, animals making choices, or read the birds patterns in the sky, in order to predict things and make decisions for the King. Imhotep read books. Imhotep was around in 2500 BC and he would read texts that were Ancient from his perspective, and use that knowledge to solve problems and make decisions. He solved a 7 year Famine (and may be the inspiration for the Joseph story in the Bible, with the Coat of Many Colors, because Imhotep actually existed), he invented Surgery and Medicine, as well as Columns and Stairs. After he died the King made a Temple in his name, and it was something like the first Hospital. And at one point a man brought his mother there because she was sick, and while he was there he claimed to have seen Imhotep, and that he had been told to collect all of Imhotep's work and to put it into one book, which is when it really became like the first Hospital. An example of one of Imhotep's medical theories was that the Placebo effect is a must. He said that medicine only has real effect if it is used with the proper incantations, or chants. Meaning that using medicine without also triggering the Placebo effect is basically a waste of medicine. Record of Imhotep can be found on the Famine Stella.
4. Ptahhotep (Around 2500 BC)
Ptahhotep was an advisor to the King who was said to be 110 years old, meaning that he saw over 100 years of progress in the 3rd Millennium. He wrote a book for him which is now called "The Ptahhotep Sebayt" which means "The Teachings of Ptahhotep", or they are sometimes also called "The 37 Maxims of Ptahhotep". He wrote on a number of topics in his book that were derived from the central concept of Egyptian wisdom and literature which came from the goddess Maat. She was the daughter of the primordial and symbolized both cosmic order and social harmony. Ptahhotep’s instruction was written as advice to his people in the hopes of maintaining this said "social order". He wrote perspicacious advice covering topics from table manners and proper conduct for success in court circles to handy hints to the husband for preserving his wife’s beauty. Ptahhotep also wrote more social instructions such as ways to avoid argumentative persons and cultivate self-control. The book is considered a "Mirror for Prices" as many parts of it seem to be written for his son who was going to take his position after his death, and for a long time it was thought to be the world's oldest book. If this had been spread across Europe like the 10 Commandments were, we would have a better world.
Text of the Teachings of Ptahhotep
Teaching for King Merykara
Teachings of Amenemope
Teachings of Amenemhat
5. Moses (???? BC)
According to the Bible, Moses was raised as a price to the Pharaoh (not the King), after being found in the Reeds. And according to Bible tradition, Moses wrote everything in the Old Testament up to him, including Adam and Eve, Noah, etc. As the Kemetic people kept extremely detailed records, and Moses is not mentioned anywhere in the Kemetic records, some Christians claim that Moses is Thutmose, or Thutmosis, who was the King's Sculptor. There is no evidence of Slavery in Kemet, outside of as a result of defeating an invading army, etc. Jewish people are mentioned in the Kemetic Records a few times, first in the Elephantine Papyri. In this Record the Jewish people are soldiers in the Kemetic military, and actually have their freedom as well as their own Temple. The first Official Old Testament Bible was also written in Kemet during the time of Alexander the Great and Ptolemy, it is called the Septuagint. Before this there were the Dead Sea Scrolls, but they seem to be more secret and private, while the Septuagint was written by 70 Jewish Egyptians, individually from their own oral traditions. Then they were compared once they were completed, and since they were all the same it was declared that it was in fact the word of God. The closest thing in the Bible to what happened with Moses is the Ipuwer Papyrus which describes servants (not slaves) who basically strike, and because the upper class of Kemet at the time was so dependent on the existence of the lower class, various "plagues" struck because things were not getting done.
But, if we take the Bible at face value, Moses was raised in Par'Oh (the Palace) as a son of the King, and then created the oral tradition of the Old Testament. And if that is true, there are some interesting facts. First, the 42 Laws of Ma'at are very similar to the 10 Commandment, and the 42 Laws of Ma'at are the rules that you live by in order to make it to the Afterlife and not have your Soul eaten by Anubis. In the metic Religion there is a Tree of Life (the Acacia Tree), which is the same Tree used in Numbers (in the Bible) to build the Tabernacle where God comes to reside on Earth. The Ark of the Covenant and Moses' Altar were also made of Acacia wood. . In the Kemetic Religion Atum or Atem is the God of Creation, similar in name to Adam. The Kemetic Religion has an early deity called Set or Seth, and Seth is also the name of the 3rd son of Adam and Eve. If Moses was real, and was really raised in the Palace of the King of Kemet, it doesn't really seem so spectacular that he went and created a Religion so similar to but so different than the Kemetic Religion.
When people think of a "Soul", they usually think of some Magic force inside of you that God takes to heaven. So any time you hear the word "Soul", you think it must be similar to what Christians imagine. But Christianity was kind of made up "on the fly" and isn't even as intricate as Judaism, the Ancient Kemetic Religion had a much more intricate and realistic version of the Soul.
The Eye of Horus/The Eye of Wadjet was important to the dead. The symbol was meant to protect, as well as to Symbolize the 6 Senses, being Taste, Touch, Sight, Hearing, Smell and Thought, and it allows the dead to see.
The first example of the Soul is the Shadow which they called Sheut. They would make Statues and Silhouettes to preserve the Shadow after death. It was believed that your Shadow was your connection to the Afterlife.
Your name, known as a Ren in Ancient Egypt, was another aspect of Soul. It was believed that as long as a name was spoken, the person's Soul was still alive in some way. And the more a person's name was written the better, because then it had more chances of surviving and being read and spoken.
The Ka is the vital essence of a person. This would be the life Spark in someone that would determine if they were alive or dead. In modern times we would point to "Brain Dead" as the point of the Ka being gone.
The Egyptians did not value the brain in the same way we do, they believed that the Heart was the seat of the body, since it flows to all parts. the Heart was known as Ib, most of our ideas about Hearts being important for things comes from Egypt, like "follow your heart", or "heart broken". Notice that when you say "Me" and point at yourself, you point at your heart and not your brain. Later, European people would think the Liver was the most important, which is why it is called the "Live-er". In German it is something like "Lifer".
Ba is similar to the idea of a person's personality and what makes them unique. Anything could have a Ba, such as an Instrument. If you have a relationship with a Car, Gun, or a Golf Club, or any other item, then it probably has a "Ba" and you have maybe even given it a Ren. People who smoke Marijuana give their Pipes/Bongs Ren and people try to choose them for their Ba, they just don't use those terms. The Ba was not considered different from the person, and this is the part of a person that you can see in your dreams. Even after a person is dead, and no longer part of this world, their personality or uniqueness can still persist in the family and friends of the person. The Ba is almost impossible to compare to the Christian idea of soul, the ideas are so different that when Christianity came to Egypt, they had to use the word Psyche to get them to understand the Christian soul. The Ba is a much more physical real thing, and you can still see the other person's Ba in your dreams after they die.
The word "Ba" for Soul was the same as the word "Ba" for Ram, so it was common to depict dead people and Gods with Horns to show their Soul aspect. This ideology is also the reason most Ancient religions allowed people to Sacrifice Rams for their sins.
Akh is your living intellect, or maybe what we would now call your "Mind" or maybe what the Greeks would call "Ego", but it has a deeper meaning. If you have ever experienced Ego Death, maybe from a near death experience, then you understand part of what aspect of a person this is. It was believed that after death, the Ba and the Ka would come together and reform the Akh. And there was a perceived risk that the Akh could die again.
Each God and Temple in Ancient Kemet was something like a modern University.
Bes and its feminine counterpart Beset are an Ancient Egyptian deity worshipped as a protector of households, and in particular, of mothers and children and childbirth, as well as God of Dwarves. Bes later came to be regarded as the defender of everything good and the enemy of all that is bad. While past studies identified Bes as a Middle Kingdom import from Nubia, more recent research indicates that he was present in Egypt since the start of Old Kingdom. Mentions of Bes can be traced to pre-dynastic Nile Valley cultures; however his cult did not become widespread until the beginning of the New Kingdom.
Thoth (Thought), or Djehuti, God of Knowledge, the Moon, Measurement, Wisdom, the Alphabet, Records, Thought, Intelligence, Meditation, the Mind, Logic, Reason, Reading, Hieroglyphics, Magic, Secrets, Scribes, and Writing. He is said to have created Math. His wife is Ma'at.
Ma'at refers to both the ancient Egyptian concepts of truth, balance, order, harmony, law, morality, and justice, and the personification of these concepts as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation. In Ancient Egypt they had Courts, and Laws, and Civil Cases. An example can be found in the text called "The Eloquent Peasant".
Wadjet is the protector of Kings & Country and the Goddess of Oracles. It is important to note that the Egyptian King was called a King, not a Pharaoh, "Par-Oh" is the name of the palace where all Holy things resided, including the King, the Apis Bull, Twins, Priests, Priestesses, Oracles, etc. there was no such person as "Pharaoh" in Egypt. Wadjet and Bast are very closely related Goddesses, and eventually became known as Wadjet-Bast. Bast is the Goddess of Felines (Lions & Cats), and is also considered a protector Goddess. The Eye of Wadjet is also said to be able to allow the dead to see, so acts as something like a point between Life and the Afterlife, where they are both connected.
There was an Ancient Egyptian Frog Goddess known as "Heget", she was considered magic because frogs would come during the flood time, and flood time was when Nile worship benefited a person, since it would water your crops for you. And you might attribute that to your proper worship, which some people did.
Heget later became "Hecate" who is the Goddess of Magic. Hecate is known to have a Torch sometimes and a thorny crown sometimes.
You can see that the torch and the Thorny crown are connected in not only one culture but various cultures. Have you ever wondered why the statue of Liberty is Green? I don't think it was an accident. The statue of Liberty is green like a frog Goddess shouldbe, she is holding a torch like Hecate/Heget, and she is wearing a Helios crown aka Thorny Crown aka Crown like the Sun. People have known that Copper turns green for thousands of years, it was common practice in Statue making in India to use different metals that would change different colors (see, Shilpa Shastra).
The Statue of Liberty is Heget frog Goddess of the Flood water.
You may also remember Pepe the frog from the 2016 Election Cycle, Pepe is actually Kek, and the modern cult of Kek are the ones who spread the Pepe Meme.
The Land of Punt
The Land of Punt in Egyptian means "The Land of the Gods" and if we ever find Punt we will probably find the Culture that brought Civilization to the Babylonians and Egyptians. So far Archaeologists have found Gold pieces from Punt as well as well as Ebony wood from Punt. Then there is also a Tree stump that the Ancient Egyptian Myths say was a Tree that was a gift from Punt, and there are various shipping records where they ordered things like Naptha from Punt, meaning Punt was extracting Oils at a higher rate than Egypt and they were buying it from them for candle fuel and art work. The female Kemetic King who wore a false beard like the others was named Hepshesut and she established trade with the people of Punt.
Right now the Land of Punt is thought to be in East Africa, but no one has ever found a structure of piece of Gold, or anything there that would indicate the Land of Punt was there.
According to Kemetic carvings, the people of Punt lives in stilt houses. Which was common in the area around Switzerland which is not all that far from Kemet. For example, this cone topped dome is a reconstruction of the Ancient Crannoges they used to build in Scotland. No one knows where the Land of Punt was actually located, but it is pretty much a guarantee that if Punt is ever discovered it will be found in a place where stilt houses were used, and will have lots of incense trees or evidence that incense trees used to be there.