Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Intergenetic Hybrids & Terpenes


I have been studying Plant Breeding because I grow Medical Marijuana and a few different kinds of dream herbs, and I found "Intergenetic Hybrids". Most people think that Species means things that can breed, but can't breed with other species, but this definition is not true. If 2 species are close enough, they can breed. These are known as "Intergenetic Hybrids". Orchids produce these readily between every species, and other examples are Mules, and Ligers and Tygons. There are also a few other possibilities for Hybrids.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_%28biology%29

I have been looking Mainly in to the Mint and Pepper families, and
there are TONS of different possible breeding patterns because those 2 families are huge. And I have a theory that if I Graft 2 plants together that are different species and different gender, it will be easier to breed them together. I know that if I make sure there are no breeding partners of the same species, that will definitely help.
My plan with this is to create new plants, that possibly have new Terpenes. Or higher levels of Terpenes than the parent plants. Then those plants can be used in Perfume making.


Caryophyllene is not very commonly known, but this is what they use to train Dogs to smell for Marijuana. Marijuana contains a good amount of Caryophyllene and so do other plants, examples are: Cloves, Hops, Basil & Oregano. Caryophyllene actually attaches to the CB1 receptor, but the plants that contain it are not illegal because it is not similar to THC in structure, Caryophyllene is actually the first Cannabinoid to be approved as a food additive by the FDA. Uziza leaf or the Uziza Peppercorns are the best source for Caryophyllene, Uziza is related to the Pepper plant and it is popular in Nigeria, but it has not been common in Europe since the Middle Ages. In Nigeria they use Pepper, Uziza, and other spices like "Grains of Paradise" that we do not use commonly here.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caryophyllene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piper_guineense


Caryophyllene is known a "Terpene". Cannabis contains a number of Terpenes, and another Major one is Lemonene/Biphenyl. They have found that Lemonene can actually effect your mood when smoked or ingested, and they are doing further research, in which I am pretty sure they are going to find that Lemonoids are an entire class of Cannabinoids.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limonoid


Myrcene is another Major Terpene in Cannabis. It is the most abundant Terpene in Hops, which means they are a large portion of what makes Beer what it is. It is also found in Lemon Grass and Indian Bay Leaves.
Myrcene itself has Opiod Analgesic (Pain Killer) effects, but it also helps THC cross the Blood Brain Barrier, allowing less Marijuana or Hash to have more of an effect.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myrcene


Terpenes are an over arching group, but there are Diterpenes and Triterpenes and Sesquiterpenes, etc. And you can find them in pretty much every plant. Terpenes make up pretty much the entire world of Natural Smells and Medicines. Everything from Lemon Peels, to Tree Sap, to Cooking Herbs, to Catnip, Essential Oils,Aromatherapy oils etc etc etc. It all has some kind of Terpene in it.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sesquiterpene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diterpene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triterpene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetraterpene
 


Kava Kava contains the Cannabinoid "Yangonin" along with a number of Kavalactones.

Sea Urchin Roe contains Anandamide, which is a Cannabinoid that is also naturally made in your brain. Another natural Cannabinoid made by the brain is 2-AG.

There are things called "Cannabinoid Reuptake Inhibitors" and the make it where Cannabinoids in your brain stay there until they are used up. An example of this is Tylenol, which breaks down in to AM-404. Other Cannabinoid reuptake inhibitors are not as easy to find.
  

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