If you would like to make plant extractions, the best way is to get a chemistry still to distill things, you just make a tea and boil the tea away to the other side. You can use this to boil Banana peels, Lemon peels, Cinnamon, Lemon Grass, Roses etc and get essential oils.
Extraction can be done if you have a metal screen. Most hand Grinders
have this built in, and the plant material has most of the essential
oils left in it after this process. This process is only really good for
things like Marijuana that have trichombs you can do things with.
can also make "Solvent hash" which is usually more crude, but it has
the ability of extracting more. You can actually put plant material in a
still, then extract it with solvents and still get things. Solvent
extract will usually get plant material too though, which makes the end
result less desirable. But this can be used on everything from tree
bark, to grass, to leaves, to flowers, to cacti, to fungi. This is
usually poured through some type of coffee filter or cheese cloth or
even paper towels to keep plant material out. Some solvents can catch
fire, so if you do this, don't do it indoors or while smoking. The
solvent will have to evaporate, and different solvents evaporate at
different rates. The faster the evaporation, the more flammable it is.
is how (without the evaporation step) Absinthe was made in the past,
which was and is a wormwood Thujone/Full spectrum extraction. Some
artists would put opium in their Absinthe to give it more of an effect.
If you do this with Marijuana, you get a tincture.
can do a water extraction, then use the same material for a solvent
extraction. These extractions are usually done with a Mesh bag with a
Micron above 25, but below 300. You can even use multiple bags and get
multiple grades. Bubble bags or Wacky bags or one of those are what
Marijuana hash is usually made with.
and other oils can also be used to extract things from plants, but
again, you can use the leftover plant material in water or solvent
extractions still. People use this method to make Marijuana cookies and
brownies, and it can be used for other plants as well.
If you do this with Glycerin you are making vapor oil.
Butane Hash Oil is probably the cleanest form of Solvent Hash, but
Butane is extremely flammable and evaporates extremely fast, especially
if it is in a Hot water bath. This is made by putting plant material in
an airtight space, and spraying butane through it. The Butane extracts
the essential oils, then comes out through a filter. If you put lemon
grass and Marijuana in the extractor, you can get a mixture that allows
you to use less hash to get your medicinal effects. Unless you need
clinical grade, then that is the opposite of what you need. My brother
died because doctors were scared of Marijuana, he was 10 years old and
they thought it was too dangerous to give him Marijuana, and now he is
dead. But if we had a pure extract in a bottle a doctor could put in a
syringe and stick in an unconscious patient's arm, knowing it is clean
and clinical grade. What I am showing you is medical grade, not clinical
CO2 is how you make cleaner, safer BHO. Same method, but with CO2 canisters.
in India what they do with their Marijuana leafs and stems is let them
sit in milk, then strain it out. And drink the milk, and since milk is
on the Ph scale, it can extract at a VERY weak rate.
can also "Polarize" the contents of some plants to make it even purer.
You have to learn about Alkaloids to do that though, and know what to
buy for the one you are using. People use Turkey basters, or gravy
pourers, or the put it in their bong and blow instead of suck. Because
once they naturally separate you have to actually get the layer you
want. One layer will have alkaloids, one layer will have resins.
Freezing it helps it separate also. And there is a chemistry tool known
as a "Separatory Funnel" that is good for this.
In Perfuming there are 3 options. Enflourage, Concrete and Absolute.
Enflourage is plant material extracted in to a fat or oil. Ex: Coconut Oil, Butter, Vegetable Oil, Olive Oil, etc.
is an extraction that is dried. Ex: You could make strong dark Tea with
a plant, then evaporate the water by boiling it all away, and you would
have concrete of that plant. You could also let a plant sit in Alcohol
or another Solvent, then filter out the plant material. Then let the
solvent evaporate. Then you have Concrete also. Dry sifting also makes a
form of Concrete.
Concrete can be used as Incense.
is a more pure extract. To get absolute you can do a few different
things. The most common is distillation. This is the same way people
make Moonshine. You make a dark tea with the plant, then put it in a
Still and evaporate it to the other side. Any steam extraction method
with get you Absolute. The Chemistry way to make Absolute is to do an
extraction in a non-Polar Solvent, then do a wash with a Polar solvent.
Or Polarization, Winterization and Filtration.
This will create a produce Perfume grade stuff.
you are going to make a Perfume, usually you would get something called
"Perfumer's Alcohol" and you would mix your Absolute with that, and
other things like Lemonene or whatever Terpene you want in there.
the Perfume industry they use the Molecule "Caryophyllene" to make
Marijuana perfumes. I am pretty sure you could make something that
smelled like Marijuana if you make Absolute from Patchouli and Uziza.